The Science Behind NanO2
Based on Henry’s Law, gas solubility is a function of pressure and temperature, by increasing the pressure of the gas and liquid, such as water. As the process pressure increases, the number of gas molecules that are retained in the fluid increases. The pressurized solution that is developed can become a supersaturated emulsion of the two.
Bubbles are essential for the transfer of oxygen for effective aeration. The distribution and retention time of the bubbles are important factors in the treatment process. The size of the bubble has a direct impact on the effectiveness of aeration. Larger bubbles have a greater buoyancy factor and rise rapidly through a water column, requiring a greater depth for tanks, vessel and lagoons to provide the retention time required for oxygen transfer.
The “micro nano-bubbles” in NanO2 oxygen-water emulsions range from a few nanometers to microns in diameter, resulting in a reduced rate of rise, and minimizing losses to off gassing. This increases the time that dissolved oxygen is available for biological processes, chemical treatment and environmental remediation.
NanO2 process delivers the two-phase emulsion through high velocity nozzles (HVN) creating a rapidly expanding cloud of micro nano-bubbles.